It is an important childhood experience to learn to read and to master it safely. This opens up a new world, the world of the written word. Since we absorb most of our knowledge through reading, reading skills are a basic prerequisite for access to education . It is all the more important that children are introduced to the world of writing at an early stage and experience reading as a matter of course .
The subject of learning to read should not only be limited to primary school and lower classes in the school area . The family is also a fundamental reading place, which can have a decisive impact on children’s reading behavior. The parents play an important role in this. You can set an example for the daily use of letters and words in books, magazines and newspapers, thereby creating benefits and arousing children’s curiosity about reading.
While some children learn to read before school without much effort and quickly develop into ambitious bookworms, there are also many children who have little pleasure in reading. There are simple methods that help you as a parent to promote your child’s reading skills and to support them in learning to read from the start . This article shows you what learning to read means, what problems can arise and how you as parents can promote the learning process. In this way, reading can be done easily and with pleasure.
What does it mean to learn to read?
And what are the levels of learning to read? How do whole letters come from letters to syllables? Learning to read is fundamentally a complex process that consists of various steps and sub-skills.
The prerequisite for learning to read is “ phonological awareness ”, which can be trained at pre-school age, ie before primary school. This means the ability to recognize the structure of our language , ie to perceive syllables and sounds in words, to recognize them and to use them consciously. This includes, for example, recognizing rhymes or long and short vowels or speaking syllables.
From the first class at the latest, children will be introduced to the subject of learning to read in school life.
This consists of the following steps:
- Decode: Each letter must be linked to a sound. The difficulty is that there can be several spellings for a sound , and for several spellings.
- Recognizing letters: To be able to assign the sounds to the letters, the different letters must of course also be recorded and differentiated from one another
- Combining sounds: Another step is to form syllables from single sounds and then whole words.
- Understanding of words and text: However, the reading process is not complete when whole words can be grasped. An important part of reading skills is also to understand the word read or later sentences or entire sections and to be able to connect them.
Overall, reading is a major coordination task that can only gradually be internalized or become independent. While reading is more like spelling at the beginning, much practice can make reading safer and more fluent.
With increasing age, reading skills should be expanded further , which means that longer sentences and texts with more complex content should also be read. Even though the pupils in a primary school class receive the same lessons, differences in reading skills can be seen early on. The next section explains the background to this.